Emotional Writing: 8 Inspiring Techniques for Deeper Connections

Emotional Writing

The realm of literature is a powerful one, housing a spectrum of emotions that hold the potential to touch hearts, incite laughter, and even bring tears. Every writer holds the potential to evoke such emotions in their readers, to make them feel deeply and connect profoundly with the story. This power, this technique, is called emotional writing, and it is a skill that every writer must seek to master.

Emotional writing is about diving into the heart of your characters, understanding their joys and sorrows, and portraying these feelings so authentically that your readers cannot help but feel them too. It’s about harnessing the power of language, tone, voice, and even the environment, to convey your characters’ emotions effectively. This article delves into the importance of emotional writing and provides guidance on how to excel at it.

The Art of Injecting Emotions into Writing

Emotional writing is important in writingEmotional writing isn’t about stating that your character is sad or happy; it’s about describing their world so vividly, their feelings so intensely, that your readers are drawn into their emotional state. It’s about showing your characters’ emotions instead of just telling them. But why should a writer bother to put emotions into writing?Β Why not simply lay out the plot and let the readers interpret the emotions themselves?

The answer lies in the human need for emotional connectivity. We, as readers, want to understand what the character feels, we want to be able to sympathize or even empathize with them. By weaving emotions into your narrative, you make your characters feel more real, more human, to your readers. And this is what keeps your readers engaged, what makes them invest in your story.

The Importance of Emotions in Writing

More Emotional writingEmotions in writing are the heartbeat of your story. They breathe life into your characters, add depth to your plot, and bind your readers to your narrative. When your readers feel with your characters, they understand them better, they relate to them more, and consequently, they invest in them more.

In other words, emotions make your readers care. They make your readers want to know what happens next, they make your readers fear, hope, laugh, and cry with your characters. They make your readers feel a part of your story, and this, in turn, makes your story unforgettable.

Moreover, emotions in writing set the tone of your narrative. They dictate the mood of your story and steer your readers’ responses. A scene written with joy will make your readers feel elated, a scene written with suspense will have them on the edge of their seats, a scene written with sorrow will move them to tears.

Thus, emotions in writing not only engage your readers but also guide their journey through your narrative.

Emotions Begin with Characters

Emotions in writing are deeply intertwined with your characters. Your characters are the vessels that carry the emotions of your narrative, hence, to effectively portray emotions in writing, you must begin with your characters.

You must dive into their hearts, understand their desires and fears, their strengths and weaknesses, their joys and sorrows. You must know what makes them tick, what makes them laugh, what brings them to their knees. Only then can you write their emotions effectively, only then can you make your readers feel what your characters feel.

Character-driven narratives are the most emotionally engaging. This is because when your characters lead your plot, their emotions become the driving force of your story, making your narrative more relatable and impactful.

So, focus on your characters, delve into their emotional depths, and let their emotions guide your narrative.

Mastering the Art of Emotional Writing

Now that we’ve established the importance of emotional writing, let’s delve into the how. How can you convey emotions effectively in writing? Below, we outline ten ways to infuse your writing with emotions and make your characters and their experiences resonate with your readers:

  1. Show, Don’t Tell: Instead of directly stating what the character is feeling, describe their actions, their body language, or their surroundings to subtly hint at their emotional state.
  2. Use Internal Dialogue: Let the readers know what’s going on in the character’s mind. Their thoughts and reflections can be a powerful way to convey their emotions.
  3. Utilize Physical Reactions: Physical responses can effectively communicate a character’s emotional state. For instance, a character might tremble with fear or their heartbeat might quicken with excitement.
  4. Employ Dialogues and Interactions: The way your characters speak and interact with others can tell a lot about what they’re feeling. Use this to your advantage.
  5. Leverage the Setting: The environment can reflect the character’s emotions. A gloomy weather might indicate sadness, while a bright sunny day might suggest happiness.
  6. Play with the Pace: Fast-paced scenes usually denote high tension or excitement, while slow-paced scenes can help build up emotions and suspense.
  7. Use Symbolism and Metaphors: Symbolic objects or metaphors can hint at deeper emotions and make your narrative more emotionally rich.
  8. Incorporate Backstory: A character’s past can provide context to their current emotional state and make their feelings more relatable.
  9. Use Sensory Descriptions: Engage the reader’s senses to make them feel what the character is feeling. Describe how the character’s emotional state affects their perception of their surroundings.
  10. Use Emotional Vocabulary: Words have power. Choose words that accurately capture the essence of your character’s emotions.

As a writer, you have a plethora of tools at your disposal. Use them wisely and your writing will touch hearts and stir souls.

Observation – A Key to Emotional Writing

If you wish to be proficient in emotional writing, there’s one skill you must hone – observation. To be able to write emotions, you need to understand them. And understanding comes from observation.

Look at the world around you. Observe how people react in different situations. See how their faces change with their emotions, how their body language shifts. Listen to how their tone varies with their feelings. Watch how they interact with others when they’re happy, sad, angry, excited, or scared.

Observe and take notes. Understand how emotions manifest themselves in behavior, speech, and interactions. This will not only give you a wealth of information to draw from when writing your characters but will also make your portrayal of emotions more authentic and relatable.

Show, Not Tell

One of the golden rules of writing, “show, not tell,” becomes incredibly significant when dealing with emotional writing. Telling is simply stating an emotion, such as, ‘John was sad.’ Whereas showing involves providing the reader with enough descriptive detail to infer the emotion, like, ‘John’s shoulders slumped, his gaze fixed on the floor.’

Showing allows the reader to experience the emotion alongside the character, fostering a deeper connection. Let’s delve into some techniques to help you ‘show’ rather than ‘tell’:

  1. Describe the physical responses: When we’re happy, we might smile or laugh. When we’re nervous, we might fidget or bite our nails. Incorporating such physical reactions can help portray the character’s emotions subtly.
  2. Depict the character’s thoughts and internal dialogues: This can give readers an insight into the character’s emotional state. For example, a character worrying about a loved one’s health can indicate their fear or anxiety.
  3. Use metaphorical language: Metaphors can be a powerful tool to depict emotions. For example, you might write, “A wave of sadness washed over him,” instead of simply stating that he’s sad.
  4. Incorporate the setting: Reflect the character’s emotion in the environment. A character feeling lonely might perceive a crowd as an isolating sea of strangers.
  5. Indicate through action: What a character does can speak volumes about what they feel. A character slamming the door might be showing anger or frustration.

Harnessing Emotion Memory in Writing

Emotion memory, often used by actors, is the practice of channeling past emotional experiences to portray a feeling authentically. As a writer, you can use the same technique to write emotion effectively.

Follow these steps to use emotion memory:

  1. Recall a past event: Think about an instance when you felt the emotion you’re trying to depict. Immerse yourself in that memory.
  2. Understand the physical and mental responses: How did your body react? Did your heart rate increase? Did you feel a lump in your throat? What thoughts were racing through your mind?
  3. Transcribe your experiences: Now that you’re in touch with the sensations and thoughts associated with the emotion, translate them into words. Use descriptive language to capture the essence of the feeling.
  4. Apply to your character: Finally, incorporate this description into your character’s experience. Make sure it aligns with the character’s personality and situation.

Remember, the goal is to make your readers feel the emotion alongside your characters, and tapping into your own emotional reservoir can help achieve that.

Revealing Emotion Through the Body

Often, a character’s emotions are most perceptible through their physical demeanor. This goes beyond the obvious cues, like crying when sad or laughing when happy. Subtle bodily reactions can powerfully communicate a character’s emotional state. Here are a few ways to convey emotion through the body:

  1. Facial Expressions: The human face is capable of displaying a wide range of emotions. Details like a twitching eyebrow, pursed lips, or a creased forehead can speak volumes.
  2. Body Language: The way a character holds themselves can be very revealing. Slumped shoulders might indicate defeat or sadness, while a straight posture can suggest confidence or determination.
  3. Physical Actions: Emotions often manifest as actions. For example, an anxious character might bite their nails, while an angry character might clench their fists.
  4. Psychosomatic Responses: Emotions can cause physical symptoms. Stress might lead to a pounding headache, or love might lead to a fluttering heart.

Utilizing Language and Tone of Voice

The language a character uses, as well as their tone of voice, can offer significant insight into their emotional state. Consider these elements:

  1. Vocabulary Choice: An upset character might use harsher, more negative words. A joyful character might use more exuberant, positive language.
  2. Speech Patterns: These might change depending on a character’s emotion. Stress or fear might cause a character to stutter or ramble, whereas anger might lead to short, clipped sentences.
  3. Tone of Voice: A character’s tone can communicate a lot about their current emotions. An icy tone might suggest suppressed anger, while a warm tone could indicate affection.
  4. Volume: The volume of a character’s voice can also be telling. Whispering could suggest fear or secrecy, while yelling might imply anger or desperation.

By paying attention to the subtle changes in a character’s language and tone of voice, you can create a more believable, emotionally resonant narrative.

Character Looks and Actions

How a character looks or acts can be a silent but effective way of portraying their emotions. Here are examples:

  1. Appearance Changes: If a character is usually well-dressed but starts appearing unkempt, it might suggest stress or depression. Similarly, a character who starts dressing more attractively might be experiencing newfound confidence or love.
  2. Behavior Shifts: Changes in behavior can also indicate emotional shifts. A normally reserved character might become chatty when they’re nervous, or a normally active character might become lethargic when they’re sad.
  3. Habitual Gestures: Characters might have specific habits or ticks that come out when they’re feeling a certain way. For example, a character might chew their lip when they’re anxious or twirl their hair when they’re flirting.

Using Idioms

Idioms are a fun and colorful way to express emotions in writing. Here are a few examples:

  1. “A weight off one’s shoulders”: Use this idiom to express relief.
  2. “Butterflies in one’s stomach”: This idiom can describe feelings of nervous anticipation.
  3. “Seeing red”: This phrase is a powerful way to express extreme anger.
  4. “Walking on air”: Use this idiom to depict extreme happiness or elation.

Remember, idioms can be culture-specific, so make sure your audience will understand them.

Utilizing Imagery

Imagery appeals to the senses, helping readers visualize and empathize with the character’s emotional state. For example:

  1. Describing Environment: If your character is happy, you might describe the world around them as bright, vibrant, and welcoming. If they’re sad, the world might appear dull, gray, and hostile.
  2. Symbolism: You can use objects or elements in your story as symbols to reflect your character’s emotions. For example, a breaking storm could symbolize a character’s relief after expressing pent-up emotions.
  3. Sensory Details: Don’t forget to engage the senses. The smell of a character’s perfume, the feel of a woolen blanket, or the taste of a sweet dessert can all evoke powerful emotions.

Style of Writing – Clipped vs. Expressive

The style of your writing can effectively mirror your characters’ emotions.

  1. Clipped Style: When a character is under stress or in a tense situation, using short, clipped sentences can convey their mental state. It reflects a rapid, urgent thought process. For example, “He paced. Heart pounding. No escape.”
  2. Expressive Style: When a character is experiencing strong positive emotions or deep introspection, more elaborate, flowing sentences can be used. This reflects a relaxed or deep thinking state. For example, “She stared at the vibrant, sunset-lit sky, the colors playing tricks on her eyes, and she felt a peace she hadn’t known in years.”

Switching between these styles depending on your character’s emotional state can create a dynamic, engaging narrative.

Emotional Encyclopedias

Investing in emotional encyclopedias can be a boon to your emotional writing. These are resources designed to help writers convey character emotions effectively. They list emotions and suggest physical signals, internal sensations, mental responses, and other cues related to each emotion. One widely recommended resource is “The Emotion Thesaurus” by Angela Ackerman and Becca Puglisi.

Some recommended emotional encyclopedias include:

Correlating Objects in the Environment

You can correlate objects in a character’s environment to their emotional state. This can be a subtle yet powerful tool. For example, a character feeling trapped might be in a room with no windows. A character grappling with loss might see an abandoned nest. A character in love might notice flowers everywhere.

Remember, these correlations should feel organic, not forced. They should seem like a natural part of the narrative, not something inserted for the sake of symbolism.


Emotional writing, though complex, is an indispensable aspect of storytelling. It’s what breathes life into your characters and makes them relatable. Whether you’re using body language, dialogue, environmental correlations, or other tools, the key is to make the emotions feel authentic. As writers, our aim should always be to make readers feel with our characters, for that’s what makes a story truly memorable.

Takeaways: Capturing authentic emotion in writing is a skill that brings characters to life and engages readers on a deeper level. Writers can use a variety of techniques to convey emotion, from focusing on physical reactions and using idiomatic language to employing evocative imagery and stylistic shifts in writing. Observing real people and investing in resources like emotional encyclopedias can further enrich emotional portrayal in writing.

Richard Lowe
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I feel like I tend to write more about what the characters think and what leads to their emotions than the actual plot of the story.

khoingn | The Broad Life

Wow this is interesting. I want to try this kind of writing technic when I have a chance.

Fransic verso

Having emotion in the writing is good. Make it better to enjoy it. These are great and important things to do.


This is such a great read for an aspiring author like me. I totally agree with you that emotions are very crucial in writing and it’s not saying simply saying what emotional state they are in. 

I just then realized that my favorite books are those that allowed me to be a part of the character’s world where I can feel their joy, sadness, and even their pain. 

Anyway, I bookmarked your post as a reference. Thank you for sharing this. Will study deeply once I have the time. :)

Ntensibe Edgar

Wow….I am not sure I know how to direct my readers to how they should feel about something or someone. I can give it a try and see where we go from there.


Your article on emotional writing is a fantastic guide for writers seeking to evoke genuine emotions in their readers. The use of examples, techniques, and practical advice makes it highly informative and enjoyable to read. It provides valuable insights into how to create compelling and relatable characters. Well done!

Alice Mola

These are such wonderful tips for emotional writing, I think they could also apply for movies as well when creating good scripts and directing! Show, don’t tell is such a valid tip, I also like adding facial expression details to my characters.


What a fantastic resource to help with emotional writing. I really appreciate the additional resources of emotional encyclopedias.


Wow there is a lot in this post to take in. Thanks for all the tips. I get blocked a lot when it comes to writing

Sonia Seivwright

I agree that emotional writing is a crucial component of storytelling. It makes characters feel like real people and helps readers connect with them. As a reader, I always appreciate when an author can convey emotions authentically. It can be challenging to capture the nuances of human emotion, but I think it’s worth the effort. I believe that writers who invest in researching and observing real people can create more compelling and relatable characters. Overall, emotional writing is an art form that requires skill and practice, but the result can be compelling.


As always, great information on this site to improve one’s writing. I think about the books I love most and how the writers get emotions across – I will keep your advice in mind when I start writing again.